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Old Tavern Licenses Jefferson County, MS
Statutes of the Mississippi Territory establish criteria for tavern owners and operators in 1807. Six reputable free-holders of the county must recommend the applicant. A three hundred dollar bond is required. The posting of rates or fees, and other regulations on which the bond is conditioned are:
constantly keeping and providing his said tavern with good,
clean, and wholesome diet, and lodging for travelers, and
stabling, provender, or pasturage for horses: . . . and for
the due observance of all laws and ordinances, which are
or may be in force in this territory, in relation to tavern-keepers.. 1
Rates are fixed by the justices of the county courts. All gambling such as cock-fighting, cards, dice, and gaming tables is prohibited in the inn, tavern, out-buildings, tenements, yard or garden of the tavern.
Rum, brandy, whiskey, taffia, or other spirituous liquors may be sold only by the gallon. Strong beer, porter, cider or wine are not sold in amounts less than four gallons. Watered spirits result in a fine, and a conviction of drunkenness render the tavern keeper's license void.
Sale of alcohol is forbidden to certain classes of people. Apprentices, servants and slaves comprise one category. Soldiers serving in the Territory are another class. They must receive permission from their commanding officer to purchase .spirits. Sale of liquor to Indians is expressly forbidden. An informer of such sale would receive half of the assessed fine.2
These laws, with minor variances such as bond in the amount of five hundred dollars, remain the same through 1848.3
1 Statutes of the Mississippi Territory, Chap.VIII, Sec. I (1807)
2 Statutes of the Mississippi Territory, Taverns, Sec I (1816)
3 Statutes of Mississippi,1798 - 1848, Ch.XI, Art 2 - 5 (1848)
6 Feb. 1811 Recommended:. . . on the main road North of Greenville six miles from said town/Henry Green, John Doherty, Asa Search[?]. Francis Johnson, C.B. Howell, Jas. K. Green, Rush Nutt.
26 Mar. 1811 Jefferson co.. MS Territory/Bond: Thomas
Harding and John A. Davidson/bound to David Holmes, Gov. of MS. Territory/$300/ to keep house of public entertainment/ on the main road.
s/s Thos. Harding/John A. Davidson.
20 June 1811 Appli. for Lic./MS. Territory, David Holmes. Gov. James Steward, Henry Green. and James Steward/for $300/ James Steward /publick (sic) house/ town of Greenville
s/s/ James Stuart/James Stuart.
20 June 1811 Receipt: from William E, Parker to James Steward/”. . . and in the 35 1/2 year of American Independence."
21 June 1811 Recommendation: James Stewart/a proper
and fitting person to run a tavern inGreenville.
/s/s/ Joseph D. Lewis/John Holland/
John Brooks/*Daniel Hamigill [?]/John Gaskin
/ Peter Ott/ John D. Wilds/ James Smith/
Wm. Calhoond(sic), J.J. Scott/Jas.
Ferguson, *Nat. Cward[?]. Hiram Baldwin.
John Berry, Thos. Harvey.
15 Dec. 1811 Appli. for Lic./James Whitehead and Thomas Hinds/ tavern in the town of Greenville/ $300/s/s/by both.
23 March 1812 Appli. for Lic./Jane Green, John A. Davidson,
Charles B./Howell $300/". . . her to keep a
house of publick entertainment in the town
of Greenville. . ./s/s by 3 named above.
[Separate paper enclosed] Recpt. for Amt.
of Tax on tavern license/S March 1812/signed
Wm. E. Parker, Clk.
23 March 18 Asa Searcy made application to keep a Tavern
in the Town of Greenville/ s/s Asa Searcy
Daniel Beasley, Wm. E. Parker.
20 July 1812 Thomas Black and Abner Pipes/Bond of $300 to
"keep a publick house in the town of Greenville. . .”
/s/s and ack. in presence of Wm. E. Parker, Clk.
20 July 1812 C .F. Stiles, Ira Bradford, Michal Turnan and
A. Bradford/$300/C.F.Stiles/Tavern Greenville
/signed by four above.
8 Dec. 1812 Tavern keepers Bond/Solomon Whitley, et all
Solomon Whitley, Benjamin Harrigale and James
Whitehead bound unto David Holmes, Gov
of MS. Territory/$300/Solomon Whitley. . .
keep a tavern in Greenville. . ./s/s Solomon Whitley, Benjamin Harrigill, Whitehead/
Teste: Wm. E. Parker, Clk.
8 Dec. 1812 Recommend./Solomon Whitley /s/
J .Whitehead/Jas. K. Green/ E. Penneyton/
T. B. Womack /Wm. Roach/ Geo.
A. Done /M.M .Whitley /C. Dugan.
15 March 1813 $300/William Clower, James Watson, John Folkes
/s/s by all 3/Exec by Wm. E. Parker, Clk.
30 July 1813 MS. Territory/Jefferson co/Applic. to David
Holmes, Gov. /We, ---Thompson and James Whitehead/$300/0rphan's court's authority
to keep a tavern in the town of Greenville
/s/s/ William Thompson/ J.W. Whitehead/
ex. in presence of Wm. E. Parker, Clk.
29 Aug. 1813 Robert Greenwell/James Whitehead/$300/
Robert Greenwell application to keep a tavern in
town of Greenville / Teste: Wm. E. Parker, Clk
Submitted by Al Whitehead, Henderson, TX email@example.com